The brand depends on who you are and what your function is.

Several actors are involved in the process of value development in branded products and brands. In the overall picture they are members of a limited number of interacting groups or populations. The general context is evolved in a clearly illustrated article based on the theories of Carl Eric Linn. Get a print-out and read it.


The value of price: the graphic models for analyses and discussion

When a trademark becomes a brand, its metavalue is limited to the population sufficiently aware of it to add to its value. This population, hypothetically, takes the shape of a Gauss distribution – the audience – from the most enthusiastic followers to the more indifferent ones. Definition: the target group is people you want to reach; the audience is people you actually reached. An interesting discussion would start here, on the relation price vs. value, not primarily price vs. demand. So far, I have found eleven cases illustrating different effects of marketing activities. One major issue here is, of course, the value of price. Read the article, get a print-out.


AMA definition of marketing discussed, an alternative presented

The current definition of marketing, as approved by the American Marketing Association, is discussed in an article by Carl Eric Linn. The main reason is that AMA has failed to observe the key role played by brands and branding in all marketing activities. A more stringent alternative, taking branding into account, is presented. Read the article, get a print-out.